Skip to Content

Resource hub

Whole Ecosystem Nitrogen Manipulation: An Updated Review 2002


This document reviews research undertaken in the UK and across Europe involving nitrogen manipulation experiments in natural and semi-natural ecosystems, updating an original review report from 1997.

The experiments are essential to demonstrate and to improve our understanding of the ecological effects of nitrogen deposition, arising from the air pollutants nitrogen oxides and ammonia. Since the initial review, two major pieces of work – the Countryside Survey 2000, and the New Plant Atlas of British and Irish Flora (2002) – have revealed growing evidence that nitrogen deposition is contributing to a range of ecological changes in semi-natural habitats across the UK.

Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 2002·12·01

Cunha, A., Power, S.A., Ashmore, M.R., Green, P.R.S., Haworth, B.J. & Bobbink, R. 2002. Whole Ecosystem Nitrogen Manipulation: An Updated Review, JNCC Report No. 331, JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963-8091.

The original study was funded by English Nature in 1997 with the update sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and published by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee as a collaborative undertaking.

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC publisher

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0

Metadata date 2020·01·29

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

Back to top