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UK Biodiversity Indicators 2019: Summary booklet 2019


Summary of the 2019 update of the UK Biodiversity Indicators, published on 5 September 2019, revised 5 December 2019.

In December 2019 the following indicators were updated, leading to a revision of this compendium document:

  • A1: Awareness, understanding and support for conservation
  • B5a: Air pollution
  • C3a and b: Status of European habitats and species

Indicators are useful tools for summarising and communicating broad trends. The UK biodiversity indicators have a specific purpose for international reporting and are dependent on a wide variety of data, provided by government, research bodies, and the voluntary sector. In total, nearly 100 organisations are involved in their production. The presentation and assessment of the indicators has been verified by the data providers, and the production and editing of the indicators has been overseen by government statisticians.

The UK biodiversity indicators set comprises 24 indicators and 49 measures. Of the 42 measures assessed over the long term, 24 show an improvement, compared to 18 of the 39 measures that are assessed over the short term. Fourteen measures show a decline in the long term, and ten show a decline in the short term. Measures that improved or deteriorated in the long term have not necessarily continued to improve or deteriorate respectively in the short term.

For more information about the UK Biodiversity Indicators, including details of the most recent, and past, updates, visit the UKBI webpage.

This booklet may not be fully accessible for all users. If you need a copy in a different or more accessible format, please get in touch.

Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 2019·12·05

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK (2019). UK Biodiversity Indicators 2019.

The UK indicators were comprehensively reviewed during 2011 and 2012 to ensure they continued to be based on the most robust and reliable available data; and remained relevant to the new international goals and targets. Since then the indicators have been refined to improve their relevance/quality, and new indicators developed to fill gaps. In this version of the publication as many as possible of the indicators have been updated with new data. In some cases, however, development work is ongoing, and where this is the case, the work to develop them has been described briefly.

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC distributor

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Released under the Open Government Licence v3.0. Attribution statement "Contains public sector information from Defra, licenced under the Open Government Licence v3.0"

Metadata date 2021·10·28

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

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