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Feasibility study of large-scale deployment of colour-ringing on Black-legged Kittiwake populations to improve the realism of demographic models assessing the population impacts of offshore wind farms 2021

Marine JNCC Publications Seabird Surveys Renewables - Wind 0963-8091 Birds Birds and the environment Seabirds 684

Abstract

Renewable energy developments, including offshore wind-farms, have been identified as a key component in international efforts to mitigate climate change and its impact on biodiversity. This has led to an increasing number of offshore wind-farms around the UK, however these can have negative impacts on seabird populations. Population Viability Analysis (PVA) is frequently used to quantify these potential negative effects on seabird populations and is a vital part of the consenting process.

However, a lack of empirical data on many aspects of seabird demography means that there can be considerable uncertainty in these assessments. Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla populations are thought to be particularly sensitive to additional mortality caused by collision with offshore wind turbines and are often highlighted as a feature of Special Protection Areas (SPAs). Offshore wind-farms, therefore, have been identified as potentially causing an adverse effect on site integrity at some SPAs. Despite being a relatively well-studied species, there is still much uncertainty in our knowledge of Kittiwake demographic rates and meta-population dynamics, which impedes our ability to accurately assess the way populations might respond to additional wind farm-induced mortality.

The Offshore Wind Strategic Monitoring and Research Forum (OWSMRF) identified a large-scale colour-ringing programme of Kittiwake colonies across the UK as one potential approach for improving empirical estimates of Kittiwake demographic rates. Therefore, the main aim of this project was to determine the extent to which colour-ringing can be used to obtain reliable baseline estimates of key demographic rates in Kittiwake populations to improve the realism of demographic models assessing the population impacts of offshore wind farms, and thereby reduce uncertainty around these predicted impacts.

Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 2021·06·15

Citation
O’Hanlon, N.J., Wischnewski, S., Ewing, D., Newman, K., Gunn, C., Jones, E.L., Newell, M., Butler, A., Quintin, M., Searle, K., Walker, R., Humphreys, E.M., Wright, L.J., Daunt, F. & Robinson, R.A. 2021. Feasibility study of large-scale deployment of colour-ringing on Black-legged Kittiwake populations to improve the realism of demographic models assessing the population impacts of offshore wind farms. JNCC Report No. 684, JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963-8091.

Lineage
This research was funded by the offshore wind developer Vattenfall, and was identified as a priority by the Offshore Wind Strategic Monitoring and Research Forum (OWSMRF).

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC publisher

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0

Metadata date 2021·06·15

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

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