A review of the trade in live wild birds into the European Union 1994–2003 – Orders Psittaciformes, Falconiformes and Strigiformes 2012
Prior to the suspension of imports of live birds to the European Union (EU) in 2005, the EU was a major importer of live wild birds. Some of the major groups of species imported included parrots, macaws and lorikeets, birds of prey such as eagles, falcons and vultures, and owls. Whilst the basis for the moratorium on EU imports was solely for the reasons of animal health to prevent the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza, the move prompted discussion of trade volumes, sustainability and transport conditions by several groups concerned with trade, species conservation and animal welfare.
The objective of this report was to provide a comprehensive review of the trade in live wild birds into the European Union over a ten-year period (1994–2003) for CITES-listed species from three orders: Psittaciformes (referred to as parrots), Falconiformes (raptors) and Strigiformes (owls).
The report specifically aimed to provide an analysis of the trade in birds of those orders of wild origin into the EU by focussing on five key areas to determine:
- the volumes of wild bird trade into the EU;
- trade trends across a ten-year period;
- the key exporting countries and EU importers;
- the key families, genera and species imported; and
- the extent to which highly traded species have been scrutinised by EU processes.
Resource type Publication
Topic category Environment
Reference date 2012·02·01
McLardy, C. & Burnett, N. 2012. A review of the trade in live wild birds into the European Union 1994–2003 – orders Psittaciformes, Falconiformes and Strigiformes. JNCC Report No.417, JNCC, Peterborough.
The objective of this report was to provide a review of the trade in live wild birds into the European Union over a ten-year period (1994–2003), for CITES-listed species from three orders: Psittaciformes, Falconiformes and Strigiformes.
Communications, JNCC publisher
Limitations on public access No limitations
Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0
Metadata date 2020·05·19
Metadata point of contact