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Biological monitoring of marine Special Areas of Conservation: a review of methods for detecting change 1998

Marine JNCC Publications Protected Areas 0963-8091 Evidence JNCC report series Marine Marine Habitats Marine protected area Monitoring Surveillance and Monitoring 284


This review focuses on biological surveillance and monitoring, including extent of habitats, whether physical or biological, and especially in relation to managing sites and features for nature conservation. The review does not consider experimental studies (except where they help interpret change), or the use of biomarker or physiological response techniques. The review gives practical guidance on the methods available, their deployment, accuracy and their application to management. It identifies the extent to which natural variability can be separated from change brought about by human activities.

A key aim of the review is to ensure that those designing and managing monitoring programmes understand the significance (or lack of it) which they can interpret from their results. This includes error or variability likely from the sampling strategy chosen (including worker variability), and separation of natural temporal change from change induced by human activities. The aim of this volume is to provide information on practical application rather than a review of techniques as several texts already describe sampling methods, many of which are applicable to monitoring studies.

Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 1998·07·01

Hiscock, K., 1998, Biological monitoring of marine Special Areas of Conservation: a review of methods for detecting change, JNCC Report No. 284. JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963-8091.

This work was undertaken with the support of the European Commission Life Nature Programme

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC publisher

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0

Metadata date 2019·10·31

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

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