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Marine Pressures-Activities Database (PAD) v1.4 2021

Marine Human Activities Pressures Coastal defence & land claim protection Conservation & environmental protection Cultural and heritage sites (Wrecks) Dredge and spoil disposal Extraction – Navigational dredging (capital & maintenance) Extraction – Sand and gravel (aggregates) Extraction – Water (abstraction) Extraction of genetic resources Gas storage operations (carbon capture & natural gas storage) Industrial and agricultural liquid discharges Marine Research Military activities Municipal waste Municipal waste Power station incl. nuclear Recreational activities Renewables - Tidal Renewables - Wave Renewables - Wind Sewerage disposal Shipping – General (at sea) Shipping – Port operations Submarine cable and pipeline operations Waste gas emissions Coastal development

Abstract

Coastal and marine ecosystems are subject to a number of human-induced pressures associated with a variety of marine activities. As such it is important to understand the links between human activities and pressures and the evidence behind such links.

In 2013 JNCC compiled an activities-pressures matrix which identified 39 human use activity categories and 34 human pressure types. In 2015 Defra commissioned a project, led by ABPmer, to develop the evidence base for understanding the relationships between these human activities and pressures within the marine environment.

A database was created to record the outputs of the literature review, including the collated evidence for links between the human activities and sub-activities and the relevant pressures.

Marine Pressures-Activities Database (PAD) v1.3 (2018) was a revised version of the PAD (2015; v1.1) developed by JNCC using the outputs of the Defra-commissioned contract ME5218 (Defra 2015). Marine Pressures-Activities Database (PAD) v1.4 (2021) updates PAD v1.3 (2018) by adding a new activity of 'Cables: Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD)' with associated pressures links and evidence, updated cables activities evidence, and additional grazing activity pressures links.

JNCC redeveloped the PAD in 2018 firstly to re-format and update it to align with Natural England's advice on operations and Marine Scotland/Scottish Natural Heritage's FeAST tools to the extent possible, while still maintaining much of the evidence base collated under project ME5218, and secondly to include additional activities relevant to the offshore that were not included in the 2015 version or the existing tools.

While the key driver for the PAD (2021 & 2018) update is to support the advice on operations for UK offshore Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), it will also be used for other areas of work including non-MPA projects such as the development of biodiversity indicators for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).

The overall aim is to provide a UK-level product that can be used for inshore and offshore waters, within or outwith of MPAs.

The PAD can be accessed as an Access database from JNCC's website at https://jncc.gov.uk/our-work/marine-activities-and-pressures-evidence/ in addition to data.gov.uk. Additional resources for download are the Marine PAD Reference list and Excel versions of the Marine Pressures-Activities relationships and Marine PAD v1.4 data tables.

For more information about the PAD see the associated methods report: UK Marine Pressures-Activities Database "PAD": Methods Report Robson, L.M., Fincham, J., Peckett, F.J., Frost, N., Jackson, C., Carter, A.J. & Matear, L. (2018) https://hub.jncc.gov.uk/assets/16506231-f499-408f-bdc8-ea9a6dfbf8b5

Resource type Dataset

Topic category Oceans

Reference date 2021··

Lineage
In 2013 JNCC compiled an activities-pressures matrix which identified 39 human use activity categories and 34 human pressure types. In 2015 Defra commissioned a project, led by ABPmer, to develop the evidence base for understanding the relationships between these human activities and pressures within the marine environment. A database was created to record the outputs of the literature review, including the collated evidence for links between the human activities and sub-activities and the relevant pressures. Marine Pressures-Activities Database (PAD) v1.3 (2018) was a revised version of the PAD (2015; v1.1) developed by JNCC using the outputs of the Defra-commissioned contract ME5218 (Defra 2015). Marine Pressures-Activities Database (PAD) v1.4 (2021) updates PAD v1.3 (2018) by adding a new activity of 'Cables: Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD)' with associated pressures links and evidence, updated cables activities evidence, and additional grazing activity pressures links.

Responsible organisation
Digital and Data Solutions, JNCC pointOfContact

Limitations on public access None

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. Attribution statement: "Contains JNCC data © copyright and database right 2021".

Metadata date 2021·02·19

Metadata point of contact
Digital and Data Solutions, JNCC

Temporal extent 2021·· 2021··

Spatial extent
North 60.84
South 49.88
East 1.76
West -8.62
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