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Vegetation Communities of British Rivers – a Revised Classification 1999


This comprehensive classification of rivers in England, Wales and Scotland improves and expands the Nature Conservancy Council’s earlier classification of British rivers (Holmes 1983, Focus on nature conservation, No. 4). Both are based on the macrophyte composition of rivers and use the same survey method. They also yield similar results, with the basic structure remaining unchanged. The most important outputs from the revised classification include:

  • a new key to the river groups, types and sub-types
  • updated distribution maps
  • amended descriptions of the types and sub-types
  • tables showing the species and physical features that characterise sites at each level of the classification

Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 1999··

Holmes, N., Boon, P. & Rowell, T. (1999) Vegetation communities of British rivers – a revised classification, JNCC, Peterborough, ISBN 1 86107 458 1.

This publication provides a comprehensive national rivers classification for England, Wales and Scotland based on macrophyte vegetation.

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC publisher

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0

Metadata date 2019·10·11

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

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