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Blue Carbon in Marine Protected Areas – Progress Review 2022

Marine JNCC Publications Habitats JNCC report series Marine Marine protected area Species 709 0963-8091


This report provides a global review of progress in the development of the evidence base relating to the occurrence and recognition of blue carbon habitats and species in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).

The report introduces what blue carbon is and the importance of the sequestration and long-term storage processes of both organic and inorganic carbon for climate change mitigation. The report advocates the broadest possible interpretation of blue carbon and includes not only the most widely recognised blue carbon habitats – mangroves, salt marsh and seagrass meadows – but also other important marine and coastal carbon standing crops, pools and sinks, such as kelp forests, maerl beds, coral reefs, biogenic reefs and seabed sediments. Details of how blue carbon habitats can also become carbon sources if damaged by human activities is discussed and the importance of implementing the correct management measures to halt the decline in their condition and restore them by using high and full levels of protection under MPAs.

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Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 2022·08·01

Laffoley, D. & Baxter, J.M. 2022. Blue Carbon in Marine Protected Areas – Progress Review. JNCC Report No. 709 (Review Report), JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963-8091.

This report was produced for JNCC under an external contract, by Dan Laffoley and John Baxter, and reviewed by The International Partnership on MPAs, Biodiversity and Climate Change.

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC publisher

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0

Metadata date 2022·08·17

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

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