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Assessing physical trade flows of materials of biological origin to and from Scotland 2014

Freshwater Terrestrial Human Activities JNCC Publications 0963-8091 JNCC report series 533 Crops Decision-making Economics Ecosystem services Environmental accounting Environmental assets Food Goods Mass flows Monitoring National accounting Natural capital Social–ecological systems


The UK, and Scotland, is heavily dependent on products of biological origin – both produced domestically and sourced from overseas. This dependence on ‘biomass’ includes the consumption of products derived from timber and plant fibres (e.g. clothing, energy), but also foodstuffs used both for direct human consumption and in animal feed. Importantly, consumption of biomass is not necessarily ‘direct’ (i.e. utilised directly in the production and final use of products) but can occur further upstream within the supply chain. Accounting for ‘indirect’ biomass use (i.e. that occurring across the whole manufacturing chain of a specific product) is very important if the total impacts associated with consumption are to be properly assessed.

Resource type Publication

Topic category Environment

Reference date 2014·10·01

Croft, S., Dawkins, E. & West, C. (2014) Assessing physical trade flows of materials of biological origin to and from Scotland, JNCC Report No. 533. JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963-8091.

A study to quantify consumption of biomass (food, feed, fibre) within the Scottish economy and assess potential impacts that may be associated with this consumption.

Responsible organisation
Communications, JNCC publisher

Limitations on public access No limitations

Use constraints Available under the Open Government Licence 3.0

Metadata date 2019·08·30

Metadata point of contact
Communications, JNCC

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